Health

What does alcohol dependence mean?

A lot of people are looking for alcohol addiction treatment, and the cases have increased every year in the country. The lockdown has made an impact on individuals who were already addicted to alcohol. The stress from lockdown, job losses, low physical activities, and many more issues have increased alcohol consumption in people.

One has to understand that alcohol addiction is not the same as alcohol dependence.

Alcohol dependence is a kind of tolerance towards alcohol. And the need to consume larger quantities every time to achieve the same effects originally produced by lower doses. People suffering from alcohol dependence struggle with withdrawal syndrome if they suddenly stop drinking alcohol.

People who are alcohol dependent are emotionally, psychologically, and physically reliant on alcohol and continue to consume alcohol despite the adverse effects.

These conditions are caused because of uncontrolled consumption of alcohol, and the treatment is also different as for drugs such as cannabis, club drugs, cocaine, etc. A medical professional will tell you the treatments or therapies to recover from these conditions.

What is the reason for individuals becoming alcohol dependent?

Nobody wants to be an alcoholic, but regular consumption and sometimes heavy drinking lead to alcohol dependence and addiction. These conditions later become severe and affect the person’s life.

When an individual drinks alcohol, the brain is disrupted, and the balance of chemicals known as neurotransmitters that keep the body functioning is affected. This affects the brain so much that the person starts behaving strangely, or what is known as drunken behavior. The person might feel euphoria, impaired coordination, loss of inhibition, slurred speech, and drowsiness.

The intoxication wears off after some time, but the regular consumption of alcohol will make changes in your brain. And to counteract the changes, it increases the activity of excitatory neurotransmitters, which stimulate nerve activity and increases arousal.

This is where the individual starts craving for more quantity of alcohol every time to reach the same level of ecstasy. Slowly, the person succumbs to alcohol dependence.

How to treat alcohol dependence?

Alcohol dependence treatment is not that complicated as this condition is not as serious as alcohol addiction. The individual who suffers from alcohol dependence can control the urge and doesn’t get violent or depressed if he doesn’t get alcohol. Alcohol dependents usually have a little self-awareness and don’t harm anyone if they don’t get their daily dose of alcohol.

Types of treatment for alcohol dependence

  • Withdrawals (no need for medication)
  • Withdrawal (with some supervision and assistance from a medical expert and some medicine)
  • Psychosocial treatment (CBT-Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, counseling, Assertive Community Treatment)

Some of the medications advised for alcohol dependents are:

  • Naltrexone
  • Disulfiram
  • Fluoxetine
  • Topiramate

These medications have shown positive effects and fast recovery in alcoholics. These medications are to be prescribed by the doctor, and you shouldn’t try them yourself without any prescription.

More than these treatments and medications, the person requires the love and care of the loved ones throughout the process. People are aware of alcohol addiction treatment, but alcohol dependence is also a crisis, but not that serious as alcohol addicts. Alcohol dependence can be cured in a few weeks if the person gets proper training and education.

The process of gaining control over their bodies after alcohol addiction or dependence is possible, and the control could be lost if they start drinking again. Make sure the person going under therapy is self-confident and committed to the cause.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Back to top button